This chart by shows the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index by Country.

The ND-GAIN Index is a navigation tool that helps corporate and development leaders manage risks exacerbated by climate change such as over-crowding, food insecurity, inadequate infrastructure and civil conflicts. The Index shows a country's level of vulnerability, and the readiness of a country to successfully implement adaptation solutions. The tool is free and open-source.

The Index defines vulnerability as exposure and sensitivity to climate, population, infrastructure and resource stress, as well as the country's adaptive capacity to those stresses.The Index defines readiness by social, governance and economic factors.



Professor Patrick Regan has been appointed the Associate Director of the University of Notre Dame Environmental Change Initiative (ND-ECI) for ND-GAIN.


In this new role, Regan will lead academic scholarship around ND-GAIN by amplifying faculty engagement in climate adaptation, identifying funding opportunities to enhance the University’s climate research capacity, directing scholarly output and products, as well as other responsibilities to promote the shared goals of ND-ECI and ND-GAIN.

“The idea that human social adaptation reflects a potential intervention between the scarcities driven by climate change and the outcomes of those climate stressors provides new areas in which the social and the physical sciences interact to influence various outcomes from armed conflict to crop yields,” Regan said. “Working with ND-GAIN provides an opportunity to explore new ideas and help facilitate interactions across disciplines and colleges.”

Regan is a Professor of Political Science and Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. His primary research has focused on the role of external actors in managing armed conflict. He studies how interventions shape conflict, paying particular attention to the interaction between military interventions and diplomatic mediation in civil wars. Regan is also exploring the conditions under which water scarcity driven by climate changes influences the likelihood of observing armed conflict. A key part of this research involves the role of social adaptation to the climate stressors.

He is the author of four books, The Politics of Global Climate Change (Paradigm, 2014), Sixteen Million One: Understanding Civil War (Paradigm, 2010), Civil Wars and Foreign Powers (Michigan, 2000), and Organizing Societies for War (Praeger, 1994). 

Regan was most recently (fall 2015) a visiting scholar at China’s Sichuan University’s Center on Ecology, Environment and Sustainability and a Fulbright research fellow at the Peace Research Institute of Oslo, Norway. He was also the 2013 president of the Peace Science Society.

“We are thrilled to have Pat join ECI leadership through his new role at ND-GAIN and welcome him aboard,” said Jennifer Tank, ECI director. “It’s an exciting time as Pat’s research expertise brings added breadth to our scholarship around climate change.”

Originally published by Larry Light on
The path to good green intentions is strewn with obstacles that could waylay a $100 billion plan to help poorer countries fight climate change. These range from the adequacy of the fund's size to its secrecy-minded operations. And it's all part of a worldwide effort mandated by the Paris climate deal, whose overall cost could reach $16.5 trillion.
Part of the climate accord struck over the weekend in Paris, the Green Climate Fund will subsidize the developing nations in adopting such steps as carbon-free power generation and protections against global warming-linked catastrophes like hurricanes and rising seas.
Climate cleanup work is an expensive proposition. The total tab, focused on developed economies curbing their voluminous carbon emissions, is around $16.5 trillion, the International Energy Agency estimates. A switch from fossil fuels would entail a massive reordering of global energy production and delivery, moving toward renewable sources and greater energy efficiency, the agency said.
Low-lying nations such as Zimbabwe and Madagascar are most at risk from major storms and escalating oceans. But according to the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index, they have the least financial ability to stave off environmental havoc. In fact, their carbon emissions are -- relative to major industrial powers like the U.S. and China -- minuscule, so they haven't contributed much to the problem.
In a statement issued two weeks ago, Héla Cheikhrouhou, the fund's executive director, said the $100 billion kitty was dedicated to supporting the climate conference's "objective on climate change to keep temperature rise under 2 degrees Celsius." He noted that its board already had approved a $168 million outlay for eight projects, including safeguarding Amazon River wetlands in South America and building hurricane shelters in Bangladesh.
The fund did not respond to a request for comment about criticisms.
Potential problems include:
Insufficient money. A study by the London School of Economics concluded that the fund's intended size of $100 billion per year was far too small to get the job done. The LSE report recommended at least $400 billion, and found that a sum up to $2 trillion was more likely to be effective.
Even scraping together the $100 billion might be tough. The Green Climate Fund has so far received pledges of around $10 billion, but actually has just $1 billion of that in hand, says Climate Central, an environmental study group.
President Barack Obama has said the United States would chip in $3 billion, but the GOP-run Congress intends to scuttle that. Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.), a member of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, said: "Congress has never authorized funding the Green Climate Fund, and we cannot support providing taxpayer dollars to the fund."
Meanwhile, potential aid recipients are disconcerted that the reference in the Paris climate pact was only in the document's preamble, thus not giving it adequate legal force to ensure it is enshrined in international policy.
Waste. Among Republican lawmakers,there's a strong suspicion that the fund's money will end up frittered away or in the bank accounts of corrupt officials.
Lending credence to the waste fears was the Bangladesh government's $3.1 million project to build "climate-resilient housing" along the nation's coast after a cyclone battered it. The watchdog agency Transparency International Bangladesh discovered that the homes had no walls. Why? The government wanted to stretch its budget and build more houses. Channeling Green Climate Fund largesse to boondoggles like Bangladesh's risks more of the same.
Secrecy. The fund has drawn criticism for operating behind closed doors. Green groups were furious to learn last summer that Deutsche Bank was one of the financial institutions the fund tapped to distribute the money. It turns out the German bank is a big investor in the coal industry. (The bank issued a statement saying that it fully supports the objective of a "low-emission economy.")
To be sure, in the wake of the Paris conclave, there is a lot of momentum behind the Green Climate Fund and international commitments to hold down greenhouse gas emissions. So some of the good intentions may end up actually coming to pass.
Obama is hedging his bets on corralling the money needed for the Green Climate Fund by enlisting private financial sources. Microsoft billionaire Bill Gates recently declared he would invest $2 billion in technology to combat climate change. Gates wrote on his blog: "Given the scale of the challenge, we need to be exploring many different paths."
Foreign Affairs Minister and President-designate of COP21 Laurent Fabius (2nd left) and French President François Hollande (center) hug after the adoption of a historic global warming pact at the COP21 Climate Conference in Le Bourget, north of Paris, Dec. 12, 2015. Now the question is whether the agreement will be enforced.
Originally published Jess Mchugh on
Attention Sunday turned to enforcement of the landmark environmental agreement approved by nearly 200 of the world's nation this weekend in France. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said he was hopeful for the pact's implementation but acknowledged there was no mechanism to make sure nations meet the ambitious accord's goals.
The deal, which culminated two weeks of negotiations, aims to limit global warming by setting a temperature cap of 2 degrees Celsius change, with an aim for 1.5 degrees change, which is to be met through a worldwide shift away from fossil fuels and toward more renewable sources of energy. The long-term goal is to move away almost entirely from fossil fuels in the next 50 years. Each of the 195 countries that signed the agreement will need to have it approved by their respective governments for the terms to be made law.
Kerry called the pact a "breakaway agreement" that will reshape the discussion surrounding climate change. "The business community of the entire world is receiving a message of countries now moving toward clean, alternative, renewable energy and trying to reduce their carbon footprint," Kerry said during an interview on CBS's "Face the Nation" Sunday, adding, "That is going to spur massive investment."
Activists and representatives from governments alike have been critical over how the agreement will be enforced. Kerry and others noted that the agreement is essentially a set of at-will promises made by each country with no singular authority responsible for holding them accountable or making sure they are fulfilled.
The last climate summit took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2009 and did not result in any lasting agreement. Talks broke down toward the end of the summit and few long-term changes were implemented in the participating countries. Critics of the Paris summit were skeptical in particular the U.S. would follow through on its promises to cut emissions, especially if a climate change doubter is elected president in 2016.
All of the Republican candidates in the race have said they do not approve of cutting carbon emissions, and representatives from other countries said they fear the U.S. political atmosphere could jeopardize the success of the deal. “You cannot bank on the Americans to follow through,” Nozipho Mxakato-Diseko, a South African diplomat and a negotiator at the climate talks, told the Wall Street Journal Sunday.
Other experts in the field were cautiously hopeful, noting though the pact was at-will, the desire for change during the Paris summit was greater than at any prior talks. "These climate talks differed substantially from the prior ones because they gave audience to resilience,” said Joyce Coffee, managing director of the global adaptation index ND-GAIN in a statement. 
“Not only was the first-ever resilience day held as an official part of the two-week conference, but the final agreement includes the word adaptation more frequently than the word mitigation,” Coffee said.

Newswise — As Paris climate talks enter the final frenzied hours, Joyce Coffee, managing director of the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index (ND-GAIN), points out that business is neglected in the agreement. She says…

“In the 28 page draft, the private sector is mentioned 11 times, mostly as it relates to access to capital. And while carbon pricing is mentioned a few times, along with euphemisms for international emissions trading, the document is likely to remain silent on the word ‘market’ through its finalization.”

On the other hand, good progress on both national commitments and an international agreement is being made.

“Although the most zealous climate mitigators continue to call for a 1.5 degree Celsius target (versus the two degree target that COP21 ostensibly called for), this may not be in climate mitigators best interest,” says Coffee.

“A ‘not bad’ – or the two degree target – outcome will be less likely to die upon return to each national government. Thus, ironically, those who want to kill the Paris Agreement may also be want this ambitious outcome, which would no doubt die upon return to Washington, New Delhi and other climate-agreement tenuous capitals.”

ND-GAIN is the world’s leading global adaptation index and aims to unlock global adaptation solutions that save lives and improve livelihoods while strengthening market positions in the private sector and policy decisions in the public sector. Measuring not only vulnerability but also the readiness to take on investment, it informs strategic, operational and reputational decisions regarding supply chains, capital projects and community engagements. The index includes 20 years of data across 46 indicators for 180 countries.

Originally published by Napoleon Navarro at

Cambodian students climb up to their school from a boat at a flooded village in Kandal province in October 2009.

Cambodian students climb up to their school from a boat at a flooded village in Kandal province in October 2009. AFP
As COP21 comes to a close, it would be best to remember that tackling climate change won’t happen overnight. It will be a long road ahead and the Paris conference should serve as a roadmap for longer term climate action.
It will not be an easy road. Dealing with the consequences of climate change and contributing towards a global solution poses a challenge to a developing country like Cambodia.
Poised to cross the threshold to middle income country (MIC) status and aiming to become an upper MIC by 2030, Cambodia is still among the most vulnerable countries in the world to the consequences of climate change.
Because of extreme weather events (floods and droughts), rising average temperatures, rainfall variability and seawater intrusion, climate change remains one of the most significant threats to poverty eradication and economic growth in Cambodia. That current pledges to cut carbon emissions will not keep temperatures rising beyond 2 degrees Celsius does not help.
Building resilience will be critical. While overall poverty stands at 13.5 per cent, most Cambodians have incomes just above the poverty line.
Given the dominance of low value-added sectors and informal enterprises, vulnerable employment is still prevalent. Despite the gains in garments, construction, and tourism, Cambodia is still an agricultural economy.
With only a small share of farms operating on a commercial basis, most farmers engage in subsistence farming, and augment incomes through migration. Research has shown that subsistence farmers are most vulnerable and least able to cope with droughts, floods and environmental degradation.
The impact is particularly acute for women, who make up a large number of the poor communities that depend on natural resources for their livelihood.
These sources of vulnerability could potentially reverse the gains, or at least make it more difficult to sustain its vision of becoming an upper MIC. Without public action, projections show that climate change could reduce annual economic growth by as much as 1.5 per cent by 2030, and 3.5 per cent by 2050.
To these ends, the government has identified a range of interventions that include strengthening the adaptive capacity of communities, restoring the natural ecosystems, strengthening early warning systems, etc.
The independent Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index (ND-GAIN) has shown that despite Cambodia’s vulnerability, the country’s level of readiness to adapt has steadily improved since 1995.
Through its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), Cambodia has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by as much as 27 per cent by 2030, by investing in climate-smart solutions in the energy sector, manufacturing industries, transport and other sectors.
Moreover, the government has committed itself to stemming deforestation through the National Forest Programme and the REDD+ under the Forestry Administration.
The initiative of the Ministry of Environment (MoE) establishing an overarching set of legal principles that encourage sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems across government is also a step in the right direction.
One challenge is that the investments in adaptation and mitigation will require money. In place is a pledge of $100 billion a year from developed countries.
However, according to the 2014 Adaptation Gap Report of the UN Environmental Programme, annual adaptation costs alone could climb as high as $150 billion by 2025/2030 and $250-500 billion by 2050, at the global level. Cambodia alone will require some $1.27 billion until 2018, and spending on adaption could go up as high as 3.3 per cent of GDP between now and 2050.
Notwithstanding the importance of external climate financing for Cambodia, most climate investments will have to come from government sources and from non-climate external assistance. Climate change response will necessarily have to be mainstreamed into the public budget and existing loan programs, and augmented with private sector-based innovative finance.
This has led to UNDP support the government’s Climate Change Financing Framework, which includes a climate public expenditure review, the costing of the climate change response, and financing scenarios.
As to the mainstreaming of climate change financing into the national budget, the National Council for Sustainable Development has been working with the Ministry of Economy and Finance and different ministries on how public investment and loan programs could be made more climate responsive.
But more than money, over the long term, building resilience requires the transformation of the Cambodian society and economy itself. Reducing vulnerability requires more than social protection and public services: it calls for the expansion of decent employment and better paying jobs, by taking advantage of regional higher value-added manufacturing and agricultural value chains.
Taking advantage of the climate change funding, it also means putting Cambodia on a more sustainable pathway and avoiding the costly “lock-in” effects of dependence on carbon-based energy systems.
Because of its current stage of development, Cambodia can leapfrog to more resource and energy-efficient infrastructure, by setting building codes and standards for energy-efficient buildings and consumer appliances, pursuing mass public transport solutions, and promoting decentralised energy systems built on renewables.
Dealing with the consequences of climate change and contributing towards a global solution may pose a daunting challenge to a developing country like Cambodia.
Speaking to world leaders at the opening of COP21, His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni had this to say: “But we have the evidence, we have the solutions, and we know it is possible to simultaneously address climate change and put our societies on a sustainable path.
So we cannot and we should not pass the buck further. The decisions are here today, for us to make.”
Napoleon Navarro is senior policy adviser to the United Nations Development Programme in Cambodia. In this capacity, Mr Navarro heads the Policy Team of UNDP Cambodia.

Reducing carbon pollution is just the tip of the iceberg.

Originally published at

There are many benefits to climate action. Some are obvious. For example, improving stormwater drainage can prevent flooding. But other benefits may not be as apparent, such as improving water quality at the same time. Clean energy is another example.

Benefits graphic

COFFEE: “One of the really wonderful things about renewable energy is that it’s providing many more people with access to electricity around the globe. And we know that electricity access has huge benefits for everything from health care to education.”

That’s Joyce Coffee, a board member of the American Society of Adaptation Professionals. While switching from fossil fuels to clean energy will reduce global-warming carbon pollution, it will also improve air quality and cause fewer cases of asthma. Coffee says there are many such examples.

COFFEE: “By adaptation and resilience planning and implementation, we can lift more out of poverty, strengthen economies, even buttress food security, protecting natural resources. There’s a huge amount of opportunity to ensure a brighter future for generations to come.”

Coffee says it’s important to include these additional benefits when calculating the costs and benefits of climate action.

NOTE: Joyce Coffee is managing director of ND-Global Adaptation Index, ND-GAIN.

Originally published by Carin Zissis at

California and Arizona combined could fit into the amount of forest cut down in Brazil over the past four decades. Since 1970, glaciers in Peru have irretrievably lost a third of their surface area. Central American countries together contribute just 0.5 percent of global greenhouse gases, but Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua were among the world’s 10 countries most affected by extreme weather and climate variability from 1994 through 2013.

So it may come as little surprise that Latin America—more than any other region in the world per a Pew Research Center report—considers climate change a top global risk. With leaders converging in Paris for COP21 climate talks, we take a look at just how vulnerable Latin American countries are to climate change.

Warming-fueled droughts and storms imperil populations, industries and even the existence of some countries.

Originally published by Lydia O'Connor at

Climate change may be the one thing that threatens everyone on Earth. But the peril is much more dire for people in some countries if negotiators fail to reach a climate deal in Paris in the coming weeks. 

The Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index and climate risk consulting group Verisk Maplecroft both release annual rankings of nations most vulnerable to climate change based on geographical conditions and preparedness. Below are some of the countries most threatened by a warming planet.  

Probal Rashid via Getty Images
Climate change will inundate Bangladesh -- one of the world's most densely populated countries with some of the least arable land per capita -- with “extreme river floods, more intense tropical cyclones, rising sea levels and very high temperatures,” a 2013World Bank Report warned. Floods, tropical cyclones, storm surges and droughts are already becoming more frequent in coastal areas and in arid and semi-arid regions, the European Union's Global Climate Change Alliance reports. 

"For my country, Bangladesh, the goal of combatting climate change and its impacts is crucial, as we are on the frontline of this global threat," Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina wrote on The Huffington Post in September, noting that the nation has experienced 50 percent more rainfall than average this year, causing serious damage to crops. "The pledges on reducing emissions submitted for the Paris climate meeting must be measurable and verifiable."

In the photo above from 2011, a man affected by floods in Bangladesh's southwest Satkhira district stands on high land waiting for a rescue boat.

Klavs Bo via Getty Images
Verisk Maplecroft's Climate Change Vulnerability Index and the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index rank Chad as the No. 1 and No. 2 most climate change-threatened nation, respectively. 

As one of the poorest countries in Africa, Chad is not well-equipped to handle catastrophic climate disasters. Extreme weather events in the country may take the form of increasingly severe droughts or devastating floods, the Global Climate Change Alliance reports, and will take a huge toll on Chad's agriculture, livestock breeding, fisheries, health and housing.

The most striking symbol of climate change in the region is Lake Chad, which has shrunk to nearly one-twentieth of its original size since 1963, according to the U.N.

In the photo above, a boy floats in what was once one of the world's largest lakes. Other countries bordering Lake Chad -- Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon -- are alsoseverely affected by climate change and the lake's shrinking size.

“In all, the experience of countries sharing the Lake Chad further illustrates the mutual challenge we face today and which must be collectively addressed without further delay," Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari said Monday in Paris.

Pacific island nations
Jonas Gratzer via Getty Images
Low-lying Pacific island nations face the daunting possibility of being completely underwater if climate change isn't addressed in time. 

Kiribati President Anote Tong, whose 33-island nation of 105,000 people has an average elevation of less than 6.5 feet above sea level, said at the Paris summit Monday that Fiji has already offered to shelter its residents in the event that the islands become uninhabitable, Slate reported.

Pictured in the photo above from September, Kiribati villager Beia Tiim said the extreme high tide that used to come every three or four years now comes every three months, and most wells are underwater.

But Fiji is already faces its own climate disaster. At a gathering of Pacific island nations last month, The Guardian reported, Fiji foreign minister Ratu Inoke Kubuabola said the country was seeing a re-emergence of climate-influenced diseases, including typhoid, dengue fever, leptospirosis, and diarrheal illnesses.

ISSOUF SANOGO via Getty Images
Niger is considered one of the most climate-affected countries because of its high-stakes agriculture sector, which engages more than 80 percent of the population, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

"Niger is indeed one of the world’s most vulnerable countries because of its exposure to climate risks and its landlocked position," World Bank economist El Hadj Adama Touré explained in 2013. "Compounding this situation are the risks it faces from both internal and regional political extremism. One way or the other, all these factors affect the performance of the agricultural sector and therefore food and nutritional security."

Resources are stretched in Niger, which has the world's highest birth rate at 7.6 births per woman, and is predicted to double its population by 2031.  

In the photo above from 2005, a Nigerian boy works an agriculture field with his father.

AP Photo/Dieu Nalio Chery
Haiti is a "striking example of how this combination of physical exposure and socioeconomic conditions could lead to extreme climate change vulnerability," Columbia University's Earth Institute explained.

Haiti's climate vulnerability is amplified by over-exploitation of its forest, soil and water resources -- all of which will be further strained by a changing climate, the Global Climate Change Alliance noted.  

Haiti lies in a hurricane corridor and is predicted to face more frequent and more severe hurricanes as climate change intensifies, according to Columbia. 

In the photo above, a Port-au-Prince resident drains muddy water from a flooded house in 2012 after Hurricane Sandy brought extreme rains.

Democratic Republic of Congo
AFP via Getty Images
Climate change is likely to strike agriculture hard and increase the spread of disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

In a country where nearly 90 percent of the people rely on agriculture for their livelihood, climate change will likely wreak havoc on crops with more intense rainfall and floods, landslides and soil erosion in the central Congo basin, according to a BBC report. The country can expect the opposite in the south, where the Katanga region will likely see its rainy season shorten by at least two months by 2020.

Malaria and cardiovascular and water-borne diseases also may increase as a result of the warming climate. 

In the photo above, a Congolese man helps plant casava between acacia trees that will keep carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere as part of the first "carbon-well" to be registered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

SHAH MARAI via Getty Images
The U.N. identified Afghanistan as one of the countries most at risk of climate change and implemented a $6 million climate change initiative in the mountainous, landlocked, dry country in 2012.

Climate change increases Afghanistan's likelihood of drought, floods and desertification. The warming climate will likely disrupt agricultural and security developments after three decades of war, warns the Global Climate Change Alliance.

In the photo above, an Afghan girl walks with her sheep down a dusty street in Kabul in 2007.

Central African Republic
Ben Curtis/AP
The Central African Republic, one of the world's poorest nations, is experiencing intense civil unrest following the ousting of its leader that will only get worse with climate change.

“By building adaptive capacity, you’re really taking care of some of the development issues, and by bringing people together in a genuinely participatory process, you can really contribute to reducing the conflict and tension within the country,” Denis Sonwa, a scientist and agro-ecologist at Center for International Forestry Research, said. 

Agriculture in the country is "still artisanal" without irrigation systems, Sonwa explained, which keeps it dependent on the rainy season. 

Meanwhile, recurring floods in Central African Republic capital Bangui cause on average$7 million in damages and losses a year, The Guardian noted. 

In the photo above, Central African Republic troops stand guard at a building used for joint meetings between them and U.S. Army special forces, in Obo, Central African Republic.

Bengt Geijerstam via Getty Images
Climate change will have severe consequences in Guinea-Bissau, which is largely made up of low, coastal areas and faces intense solar radiation, a government report warned. 

The nation's reliance on rain for its irrigation-free agriculture system is already becoming a problem.

"Rainfall is becoming increasingly irregular in space and time, a phenomenon accompanied by increase in temperature, thus causing low-yield agriculture, soil degradation by intensification of the phenomenon of evapo-transpiration," the report noted. 

In the photo above, farmers plow rice fields outside Contuboel, Guinea-Bissau.


Originally published by Erin Brodwin & Matt Johnston at

Climate change is real, and it's coming.

The leaders of 150 nations, along with thousands of representatives of nearly 200 countries, meet today in Paris for the 20th time to try and come up with a master plan to stave off the global catastrophe ahead.

Scientists have known for decades that the problem on our generation's hands is serious, but recent reports find that even those dire warnings likely underestimated the scope of the issue.

Of course, all of us will be affected in different ways. How will your country fare?

The folks at Eco Experts put together a great infographic in June based on data from the Notre Dame Global Adaptation (ND-Gain) Index, an annual ranking of which countries are best poised to adapt to a warming world.

While the maps provide a great zoomed-out perspective of what will happen globally as the earth warms, there are a few caveats to keep in mind when checking it out:

  • The map is based on rankings, not comprehensive evaluations of each country. In other words, the best-ranked countries are only as great as they seem compared against the countries that aren't performing so well.
  • The map looks only at the country-level. All of the state-specific, region-specific, or city-specific data is somewhat lost in this zoomed-out perspective. While the US gets a green light on this map, for example, specific parts of the country are far less equipped to handle climate change, including Miami and New York City.
  • Developed countries as a whole have far more infrastructure to adapt to a warming planet. The government can force people in coastal cities such as Miami Beach to move inland; we can also build new airports and transit hubs closer to the center of the country. The map reflects countries' abilities to do just that.

Here's the full graphic:Climate Change infographicThe Eco Experts